NEET 2023, where NEET which stands for National Eligibility Entrance Test, is the dream examination for every medical aspirant throughout the country. For the candidates getting through this examination, it is like a dream come true. NEET is organized by National Testing Agency (NTA) annually, usually in May.
But during 2020, 2021, and 2022, things were not normal due to COVID-19. During these years, the exams were supposed to be organized in May but only could be held much later.
In 2023, the government and the NTA plan to bring the NEET schedule back on track and conduct the exam on the 7th of May, 2023.
The NEET 2021 exams were held in September 2021. The results were made available in October 2021 followed by the counseling.
Similarly, NEET 2022 was held in July 2022 and the results were declared in September 2022.
If you didn’t get into the 2022 exam or if you are fresh into the competition, you should be looking to crack NEET 2023.
In this guide, I have written about everything you need to know about the exam, including free study materials, syllabus, preparation tips and tricks and much more.
Here is a complete table of content for you with all your questions well answered along with the resources that you need!
Basics of NEET 2023
Let’s begin with the basics that you must know about NEET 2023.
- A candidate must pass his or her 12th exam with a minimum of 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English. So, this is the most crucial prerequisite that you must fulfill to be eligible to sit for the exam.
- You must have attained 17 years of age on the 31st of December, 2023. If you were born on December 31, that too, is acceptable.
- The upper age limit for NEET has been dissolved, and any candidate who meets the lower age limit and other NEET eligibility criteria can appear for NEET.
New NEET Syllabus, Exam Pattern and Marks Distribution for NEET 2023
So coming to the thing that you should know, that you cannot rule out while preparing for this examination. Here are the marks-wise distribution and the number of questions that will be asked from the three subjects that you will be focusing on. These changes were made in September 2021 and be sure to update your preparation accordingly.
The paper will be divided into 4 subject sections:
Each section will have two parts; A & B – having 35 and 15 questions (total 50 questions per section). While all questions in part A are mandatory, you can choose to answer only 10 questions of 15 questions in part B.
So, a total of 200 questions will be provided, of which you will have to answer 180 questions in the assigned time duration of 3 hours.
4 marks will be provided for each correct answer and 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer. No mark will be deducted if you don’t provide an answer.
All this will sum up to make a total of 720 marks.
NEET 2023 is likely to be conducted in 13 languages, from which you can choose one. These include the following:
Let us now go through the syllabus of each subject for NEET 2023.
Physics Syllabus for NEET
|Unit 1 – Physical world and measurement||Physics: scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; physics, technology and society Need for measurement – units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications|
|Unit 2 – Kinematics||Frame of reference, motion in a straight line; position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment) Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components Scalar and vector products of vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration – projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.|
|Unit 3 – Laws of Motion||Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road)|
|Unit 4 – Work, Energy and Power||Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power. Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.|
|Unit 5 – Motion of systems of particles and rigid body||Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid; Centre of mass of uniform rod Momentum of a force – torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples Equillibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparision of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications|
|Unit 6 – Gravitation||Kepler’s law of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites|
|Unit 7 – Properties of Bulk matter||Elastic behaviour, stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy Viscosity, Stoke’s law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat of capacity:Cp, Cv-calorimetry; change of state-latent heat Heat transfer – conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black body radiation. Wein’s displacement law, and green house effect. Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law|
|Unit 8 – Thermodynamics||Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes. Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators|
|Unit 9 – Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory||Equation of the state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (Statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path|
|Unit 10 – Oscillations and waves||Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM – Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; free and forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.|
|Unit 11 – Electrostatics||Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside) Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator|
|Unit 12 – Current electricity||Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance. Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel Kirchoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell|
|Unit 13 – Magnetic effects of current and magnetism||Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors – definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer – its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic Field Intensity due to a magnetic dipole(bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent soilenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para -, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets|
|Unit 14 – Electromagnetic induction and alternating current||Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s law, eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current AC generator and transformer|
|Unit 15 – Electromagnetic waves||Need for displacement current Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, micro waves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.|
|Unit 16 – Optics||Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism Scattering of light – blue color of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hyper myopia) using lenses Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygen’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and polaroids|
|Unit 17 – Dual nature of matter and radiation||Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation – particle nature of light Matter waves – wave nature of particles, deBrogile relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained)|
|Unit 18 – Atoms and nuclei||Alpha – particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model fo atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones Radioactivity – alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion|
|Unit 19 – Electronic devices||Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (Common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR)|
Chemistry Syllabus for NEET
|Unit 1 – Some basic concepts of Chemistry||General Introduction – Importance and Scope of chemistry Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: the concept of elements, atoms and molecules Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry|
|Unit 2 – Structure of Atom||Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals|
|Unit 3 – Classification of elements and periodicity in properties||Modern periodic law and long term form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements – atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, election gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence|
|Unit 4 – Chemical Bonding and molecular structure||Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond|
|Unit 5 – States of matter – Gases and Liquids||Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas of elucidating the concept of molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s Law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds(elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature Liquid state – Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations)|
|Unit 6 – Thermodynamics||First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity. Third law of thermodynamics – Brief introduction|
|Unit 7 – Equllibrium||Equilibrium in Physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium – ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts(elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)|
|Unit 8 – Redox reactions||Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers|
|Unit 9 – Hydrogen||Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure|
|Unit 10 – s-Block elements(Alkali and alkaline earth metals)||Group 1 and group 2 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses Preparation and properties of some important compounds Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca|
|Unit 11 – Some p-block elements||General introduction to p-Block elements Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group, Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation of states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses|
|Unit 12 – Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques||General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions|
|Unit 13 – Hydrocarbons||Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond(ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water Aromatic hydrocarbons – introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, Benzene; resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution – Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity|
|Unit 14 – Environmental Chemistry||Environmental pollution – Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, green house effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution|
|Unit 15 – Solid state||Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators|
|Unit 16 – Solutions||Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor|
|Unit 17 – Electrochemistry||Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry-cell-electrolytic cells and galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion|
|Unit 18 – Chemical Kinetics||Rate of a reaction(average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life(only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory(elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation|
|Unit 19 – Surface Chemistry||Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions – types of emulsions|
|Unit 20 – General principles and processes of isolation of elements||Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic methods and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron|
|Unit 21 – p-Block elements||Group 15 elements – general introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen(Structure only); Phosphorous-allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorus: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCl5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only) Group 16 elements – General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides, ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms, compounds of sulphur: preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only) Group 17 elements – General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structure only) Group 18 elements – General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses|
|Unit 22 – d and f Block elements||General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4 Lanthanoids – electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences Actinoids – electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids|
|Unit 23 – Coordination Compounds||Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds(in qualitative analysis, biological systems).|
|Unit 24 – Haloalkanes and Haloarenes||Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only) Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, tri chloromethane, tetra chloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT|
|Unit 25 – Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers||Alcohols – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol Phenol – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols Ethers – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.|
|Unit 26 – Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids||Aldehydes and Ketones – Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses. Carboxylic acids: nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses|
|Unit 27 – Organic compounds containing Nitrogen||Amines – nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines Cyanides and Isocyanides – will be mentioned at relevant places Diazonium salts – preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry|
|Unit 28 – Biomolecules||Carbohydrates – classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (Starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance Proteins – elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones – Elementary idea (excluding structure) Vitamins – classification and function Nucleic acids – DNA and RNA|
|Unit 29 – Polymers||Classification – natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, Bakelite; rubber, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers|
|Unit 30 – Chemistry in Everyday life||Chemicals in medicines – analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines. Chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants Cleansing agents – soaps and detergents, cleansing action|
Biology Syllabus for NEET
|Unit 1 – Diversity in Living World||What is living? ; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy — Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens. Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids. Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms- classification up to class, characteristic features and examples). Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples).|
|Unit 2: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants||Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and racemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus). Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (Brief account only)|
|Unit 3 – Cell Structure and Function||Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus. Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action. B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.|
|Unit 4 – Plant Physiology||Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant — water relations — imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water— Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention). Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis. Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation(anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient. Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and Redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth Regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.|
|Unit 5 – Human Physiology||Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders — PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhoea. Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders. Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system- Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure. Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and function; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney. Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, flagella, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia Gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear. Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators. Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease). (Imp: Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief.)|
|Unit 6: Reproduction||Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction — Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants. Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events-Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation. Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea). Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies — IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).|
|Unit 7: Genetics and Evolution||Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex-linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes. Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation-Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting. Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic Theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.|
|Unit 8: Biology and Human Welfare||Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse. Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry. Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.|
|Unit 9: Biotechnology and Its Applications||Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology). Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.|
|Unit 10: Ecology and environment||Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution. Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release. Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries. Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.|
Most Important Topics
Out of these, here are the topics with the most focus.
Most Important Topics in NEET Physics
- Motion in One Dimension
- Atomic Structure in Modern Physics
- Semiconductors and Communication System
- Wave Optics
- Properties of Matter and Fluid Mechanics
- Laws of Thermodynamics
- Circular Motion
- Newton’s Laws of Motion
- Rotational Motion
- Ray Optics
- Magnetic Effects of Current
- Waves and Sound
- Heat Transfer
- Current Electricity
Most Important Topics in NEET Chemistry
- Chemical Thermodynamics
- Biomolecules and Polymers
- Solid state
- Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
- Chemical Kinetics
- Amines and Diazonium salts
- Alkanes, Alkenes, and Alkynes (Hydrocarbons)
- Alcohols and Ethers
- Some Basic concepts of chemistry (Mole Concept)
- Coordination Compounds
- S Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth Metals) and Hydrogen
- General Organic chemistry
- P Block Elements
- Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Most Important Topics in NEET Biology
- Environmental Issues
- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering plants
- Biological Classification
- Molecular Basis of Inheritance
- Human Health and Disease
- Body Fluids and Circulation
- Animal Kingdom
- Chemical Coordination and integration
- Principles of inheritance and variation
- Cell – The Unit of Life
- Plant Kingdom
- Photosynthesis in Higher plants
- Breathing and Exchange of Gases
- Digestion and Absorption
- Biodiversity and Conservations
- Morphology of Flowering Plants
- Human Reproduction
- Cell Cycle and Cell Division
- Reproductive Health
- Biotechnology – Principles and Processes
Previous Year NEET Exam Papers
Try looking at these exam papers to have a feel of what kinds of questions you will be solving in NEET 2023.
Best Books for NEET Exams
As an aspirant, it is very important that we choose the best books to prepare as the study material is the foundation for the preparation of any type of exam. A very common and obvious question that would come to mind is What books do I need to refer to, to fully prepare myself? Or will they be enough, If I study them?
Everyone has their own choice; mine are these:
Best Physics Books for NEET Exams
- Objective Physics – By DC Pandey
- Concepts of Physics – By H.C. Verma
- Fundamentals of Physics – By Pradeep
- Fundamentals of Physics – By Halliday, Resnick, and Walker
- Problems in General Physics – By IE Irodov
Best Chemistry Books for NEET Exams
- ABC of Chemistry for Classes 11 and 12
- Chemistry Guide – By Dinesh
- Concise Inorganic Chemistry – By JD Lee
- Objective NCERT at your Fingertips for NEET-AIIMS – Chemistry
- Complete NEET Guide Chemistry
Best Biology Books for NEET Exams
- Wiley’s Textbook of Zoology for NEET and Other Medical Entrance Examinations
- Selfstudy Zoology Flash Charts for NEET | CLASS XI | CLASS XII | CBSE
- GRB Objective Zoology for NEET & other Medical Entrance Examinations
- Trueman’s objective biology for NEET/AIIMS vol.1&2
- DINESH Objective Biology (Vol.I, Vol.II, Vol.III & with Free booklet) (For NEET Exam in 2021-22)
- Wiley’s Textbook of Botany for NEET and other Medical Entrance Examinations, 2ed
Looking for more? See the best books for NEET.
Some Helpful tips for NEET 2023 preparation
NEET is undoubtedly one of the toughest competitive entrance examinations in India. You need to engage in cutthroat competition with nearly other 20 lakh medical aspirants who have been working hard to master the subjects the entire year.
Unfortunately, many students get demotivated by this fact and underestimate their abilities because they believe they are average students who do not stand a chance against that competition. That, however, is far from the truth. Instead of wasting your time and energy on negative thoughts, utilize them for hard work in the right direction. In this section, I have provided some useful tips and techniques to assist you with your preparation for NEET 2023.
1. Familiarize yourself with the NEET 2023 syllabus
First of all, make sure you thoroughly go through the NEET 2023 syllabus described above. By knowing well about the topics included in each of the subjects, you can develop an effective strategy for your preparation and dedicate an appropriate amount of time to each of them. That way, you can ensure that you don’t miss out on anything while studying. You should be done with the entire syllabus well before the examination and have time for revision as the big day approaches.
2. Create and stick to a study schedule
One of the most effective NEET preparation tips is to create a well-planned, productive, and realistic study schedule and follow it diligently. Plan your schedule for the day in advance and allot specific hours to each subject and topic and complete your work before proceeding. I advise writing your study schedule on a piece of paper and sticking it on your wall or wherever it is clearly visible to you. It will serve as a constant reminder of what you need to do before you wind up for the day. Here are a few things to keep in mind while preparing your study schedule:
Plan to study at least 8-10 hours per day.
Study all three subjects and different topics every day to avoid monotony and disinterest.
Ascertain your peak productivity time. Some students like to study early in the morning, while others have more productive study sessions late at night. Customize your study plan according to your preference.
Follow a healthy routine – eat nutritious food, drink plenty of water, take enough sleep, and try to practice yoga or meditation in the morning. It will help you keep your mind and body healthy and get the most out of your study sessions.
3. Prepare smart notes
Simply reading and re-reading information is no longer sufficient for super-tough competitive exams like NEET. Therefore, you must prepare smart notes in your own language while studying. Write down short summaries and prepare flashcards, flowcharts, mind maps, schematic diagrams, and bullet points to better understand and retain the information you study.
When it comes to equations and important formulae, prepare flashcards and keep them in an accessible place. Whenever you get some spare time – whether between classes or when riding an auto – you can revise them. Alternatively, you can maintain a separate notebook with all the important equations and formulae for quick revision.
4. Revise, revise, revise!
Your preparation can never be complete without revision. It is the most crucial study technique that can tip the scales in or against your favour. The more you revise, the better you will retain the information and recall it during the examination.
Therefore, you must do your best to revise the entire syllabus without leaving out anything. Revise whatever you learned each day before going to bed and re-revise your entire week’s syllabus on weekends. You should also regularly revise the topics you have already studied or completed.
5. Take regular breaks
Long and exhaustive study sessions are not very productive. Instead, you should study in small sessions divided by regular and refreshing study breaks. As a result, you can study for long hours without feeling exhausted. Also, taking a small break after a tiring study session gives your brain enough time to better retain that information.
I suggest taking a short five-minute break after every 25-minute study session and a longer 15-minute break after two hours. Do something productive in this time to rejuvenate your mind and body for the next session.
6. Strictly follow the NCERT books
Everyone knows that the NTA prefers the NCERT books over everything else; therefore, as a medical aspirant, you should do the same. Most of the questions asked in NEET are directly or indirectly related to NCERT solutions. Therefore, it is critical for you to thoroughly prepare the NCERT curriculum.
Although you do need to consult different reference books and study materials to expand your knowledge and improve your problem-solving abilities, you must take care not to neglect the NCERT books.
7. Solve previous year’s question papers
Previous year’s questions are often repeated in the NEET examination; therefore, you must not fail to solve them. Doing so also helps you get acquainted to the NEET exam pattern, question structure, marking scheme, and competitive level of the exam. Also, it gives you a fair idea about your speed and accuracy level. To improve your preparation, you should try to answer all the questions within the prescribed time limit.
8. Frequently take mock tests
You must take as many mock tests as possible to brush up on your exam preparation. Doing so lets you test your knowledge and identify the gaps in your preparation for rectification. These tests also get you acquainted with the question format and exam.
Likewise, timed mock tests help you improve your time management abilities by learning how much time you can dedicate to a single question. Regularly taking mock tests will improve your problem-solving skills and enhance your confidence for the exam.
9. Concentrate more on your weak areas
By regularly taking mock tests, you will get a clear idea of your strengths and weaknesses. Focus more on your weak areas and work hard to turn them into your strengths. If you are having trouble understanding a concept, you can seek help from your teachers and friends. Doing so allows you to overcome your fear of weaknesses and boost your confidence.
NEET 2023 FAQs
What is the expected NEET 2023 exam date?
As per the latest updates, the NTA plans to conduct NEET 2023 on the 7th of May, 2023. The official confirmation is expected to be provided in the coming months. What is the last date to apply for NEET 2023?
The NEET 2023 application form has not been released yet. Once it is released, aspirants will be given enough time to apply and will also be informed of the last date well in advance.
What are the application fees for NEET 2023 in the different categories?
For the general category, the NEET 2023 application fee is expected to be Rs. 1600, and for the General EWS/OBC-NCL categories, the fee will likely be Rs. 1500. For the SC, ST, PwBD, and e third gender categories, the NEET application fee should be Rs. 900.
How can I fill the NEET Application form?
The NTA allows students to fill the NEET application form by visiting the official website and registering for the exam. You will have to apply in online mode only.
What proof will I receive on successful fee payment for NEET application form?
After you successfully submit the NEET 2023 application fee, you will be taken to a fee payment confirmation page. You can then download the fee payment receipt for your reference.
Can students with gap year between 11th and 12th appear for NEET?
Yes, they can. However, these candidates were not allowed to sit for the exam earlier; the Hon. Delhi High Court has now revoked this criterion.
Is there any time limit to solve a particular section in the NEET 2023 question paper?
No, there isn’t. However, you should ideally dedicate enough time to all the sections. Judicious time allotment is crucial to avoid time management issues during the exam.
What is the NEET dress code for female candidates?
The NTA recommends light-colored clothes for Female candidates. Avoid brooches, buttons, elaborate prints, embroidery, sleeves, and zips. You can wear sandals and slippers (low-heeled) without any belts, jewelry, watches, and other similar accessories.
What is the NEET dress code for male candidates?
The NTA recommends light-colored T-shirts or half-sleeved shirts for male candidates. Kurta-pyjamas are not allowed and there should be no fancy pockets, big buttons, zips, or even embroidery on your clothing. Shoes are not permitted, so try to wear sandals and trousers.
What are the other items prohibited in the NEET exam hall?
The NTA does now allow shoes, sunglasses, wallets, and handbags inside the examination hall. You should wear slippers and sandals, preferably with low heels.
What documents do I have bring to the exam hall along with the admit card?
Along with your NEET admit card, you must carry a passport size photo, a photo affixed onto the attendance sheet, and a valid ID proof authorized by the government into the examination hall.
What should I do if my particulars are incorrectly printed on the admit card?
If you discover that the details printed on your admit card are incorrect, you should immediately contact the relevant authorities and get it corrected. You can also mail the conducting authority at email@example.com.
Can I challenge the response against the OMR grading and the answer key?
Yes, you will be given an opportunity to challenge the OMR sheet and NEET 2023 answer key by submitting a non-refundable fee of Rs. 1000. When you file for a challenge, the NTA will verify the responses. If your challenge is found to be correct, they will revise and release the final answer key.
What are the factors that will affect the NEET 2023 cut-off?
The factors that affect the NEET cut-off are:
- The number of candidates who appeared in the exam
- The difficulty level of the exam
- The total seats available in the participating colleges
What is the meaning of “minimum qualifying marks”?
In NEET, “minimum qualifying marks” refers to the minimum marks a candidate needs to score to be eligible for admission in any of the participating colleges of the All-India Quota (AIQ) counseling.For which seats will the NEET 2023 counseling be conducted?
The distribution of seats for NEET 2023 is:
- 15% All India Quota (AIQ) seats
- 85% state quota medical seats
- Central and deemed universities
- State, management, and NRI quota seats in private colleges
- Central pool quota seats
- Seats in private unaided, aided minority, and non-minority medical colleges
- Mandatory qualification for candidates wishing to pursue MBBS or BDS from a foreign medical institute
Is my NEET score valid only for admission in India?
Yes, your NEET-UG score is only considered for admission into Indian medical colleges and not for any foreign medical universities.
I really hope this guide will help you in your Preparation. Follow the tips and act smartly, and you will have the key to your goal.
If you have any questions, just drop in comments – I respond to every legitimate query.