Just another way to Multiply

Multiplication is probably the most important elementary operation in mathematics; even more important than usual addition. Every math-guy has its own style of multiplying numbers. But have you ever tried multiplicating by this way?
Exercise: $ 88 \times 45$ =?
Ans: as usual :- 3960 but I got this using a particular way:
88            45
176          22
352           11
704            5
1408          2
2816          1

Sum of left column=3960

Thus, $ 88 \times 45=3960$ (as usual).
You might be thinking that what did I do here. Okay, let we understand this method by illustrating another multiplication, of 48 with 35.

Step 1. Write the numbers in two separate columns.

$ 48 \\ 35$

Step 2. Now, double the number in left column and half the number in right column such that the number in right column reduces to 1. If the number [remaining] in right column is odd, then leave the fractional part and only write integer part.

$ 48 35 \\  96 17 \\192 8 \\ 384 4 \\  768 2 \\ 1536 1$

Step 3: Cancel out any number in the left column whose corresponding number in the right column is even.

48                       35
96                       17
192                      8
384                       4
768                       2
1536                      1

Step 4:Sum all the numbers in the left column which are not cancelled. This sum is the required product.

$ =1680$

I agree this method of multiplying numbers is not easy and you’re not going to use this in your every day math. It’s a bit boring and very long way of multiplication. But you can use this way to tease your friends, teach juniors and can write this into your own NOTEBOOK for future understandings. Remember, knowing more is getting more in mathematics. Have Fun.

Gaurav Tiwari

A designer by profession, a mathematician by education but a Blogger by hobby. Loves reading and writing. Just that.

This Post Has 13 Comments
  1. I do love Math, however I’m not very good at it. I need more practice. I was wondering how you enabled the posts on your index after the first post to be all underneath each other with only the titles.

  2. I don’t think we need to tease our friends Gaurav.And of course it is really typical ,cannot be used in daily lives.It will take more time to solve relatively to the normal one.

    1. Let’s look at a different way of doing the same calculation by converting “35” into binary.

      In binary 35=100011=
      $ 1times 2^5 + 0times 2^4 +0 times 2^3 +0 times 2^2+1 times 2^1+1 times 2^0$.
      So to multiply 35 by 48 we could work out the following:

      $ 48 times 35=48 times 1 times 2^5 + 48 times 0 times 2^4 +48 times 0 times 2^3 +48 times 0 times 2^2+48 times 1 times 2^1 + 48 times 1 times 2^0$
      The zeros belonging to binary of 35 (even part indeed) cancel out doubled part of 48 and vice-versa. And the actual summation reaches to $ 48 times 35= 48 times 1 times 2^5 +48 times 1 times 2^1 + 48 times 1 times 2^0$.

      P.S. If, still, you’re not satisfied, you may comment again. Your comments are heartly welcomed.
      [Comment edited once.]

  3. Here’s another way to look at it (instead of using binary numbers):
    $ 88 \times 45 \\ = 88 + 88 \times 44 \\ = 88 + 176 \times 22 \\ = 88 + 352 \times 11 \\ = 88 + 352 + 352 \times 10 \\ = 88 + 352 + 704 \times 5 \\ = 88 + 352 + 704 + 704 \times 4 \\ = 88 + 352 + 704 + 1408 \times 2 \\ = 88 + 352 + 704 + 2816 \\ = 3960$

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