Well in today’s era where we all are just running to meet our deadlines and progressing at a massive rate, we are forgetting that we are mere tenants on this planet Earth.
It is so aching to see natural water bodies dying just because of human intervention and growing industrialization. At times the situation is so much worse that it paves the way for natural calamities to occur.
With each passing day, we are just increasing the load of our selfish deeds on the earth and our ever-increasing greed is becoming a devastating problem for the whole of mankind. What else do we need to prove that our actions are causing havoc? We can see the water bodies dying, species extinction and catastrophes occurring!
In this article, we have mentioned the World’s 10 Most Endangered Rivers, which will compel you to ponder upon the causes of the present scenario. So here we go!
This list is compiled from various reports from agencies like World Wild Fund For Nature lists following Rivers as the most endangered rivers.
- 1. Susitna River, Alaska, USA
- 2. Sanna River, Tyrol, Austria
- 3. Jondachi River, Ecuador
- 4. Zambezi River, Zambia, Africa
- 5. Skeena River, British Columbia, Canada
- 6. Upper Maipo River, Chile
- 7. The Vjosa River, Albania
- 8. Kelani River, Polpitiya, Sri Lanka
- 9. Karun River, Iran
- 10. Congo River, Africa
- 11. Salween, Nujiang or Nu River
- 12. La Plata
- 13. Danube
- 14. Rio Grande
- 15. Ganges
- 16. Murray-Darling
- 17. Indus
- 18. Nile
- 19. Yangtze
- 20. Mekong
1. Susitna River, Alaska, USA
First on the list is Susitna River, in the U.S. This river has been offering a wide variety of recreational activities for the people. Many hydropower projects have been established on this river causing the water quality to deteriorate.
The main reason responsible for killing this river is the Sustina- Watana Hydroelectric Project. The second tallest dam was built on this river leading thus, pushing the water body to get listed in the most endangered river category. The project even caused several species of Salmons to extinct.
2. Sanna River, Tyrol, Austria
The second most endangered river is Sanna River, in Austria. It is considered to be the shortest rivers in Europe. This whitewater river was the site several world championships. The river has a lot of aesthetic value to the visitors as well.
The major cause which threw the river into the endangered list category is the hydropower project which aimed at building a hydroelectric dam on the Sanna River. The mere greed of commercial gain is costing the river its existence.
3. Jondachi River, Ecuador
This is one of the most popular rivers used for rafting purposes. The river is set in the tropical jungles of Ecuador and is surrounded with gorgeous granite boulder gardens and pool drops. It has areas rich in biodiversity and culture.
The river has now lost its originality and had become a mere host for the hydropower projects. The commercial activities have interrupted the natural fauna and fauna of the river.
4. Zambezi River, Zambia, Africa
Known as the best whitewater runs in the world, this is the most favourite place for the high adventurous rafters. This river is known for its beauty and biodiversity. The most dangerous threat to this river is the proposed Batoka George Dam project.
This project is expected to flood this area, subsequently, the recreational activities are to be banned in the upper Zambezi regions. This is one of the best examples to quote how commercial activities are running nature.
5. Skeena River, British Columbia, Canada
Well, there are a few places in the world that remain truly wild, and Skeena River is one of the places. This river is known for its rich biodiversity and comeliness. It is very saddening to say that this river is now one of the most endangered rivers in the world.
Human interference and hydropower projects have robbed of the true beauty of this river. Not only the quality of water is affected but several species of salmon are also lost. The major threats to this river are the Coal Bed Methane Development and Liquefied Natural Gas Pipeline.
6. Upper Maipo River, Chile
This river is visited by thousands of river enthusiast every year because of the astounding beauty. The colour of the water body changes in different seasons. Despite the brown hue, the river water is clean and every year attracts a plethora of rafters.
Moreover, this river is responsible for supplying fresh water to many households. This river is mainly threatened by the ALTO MAIPO Hydroelectric Project (PHAM), Chile. The Alto Maipo project is jointly owned by AES GENER, a USA based multinational energy corporation (60%), and the Luskin family, a wealthy Chilean family (40%) that has financial interests in dozens of projects and businesses in Chile. These projects have deprived the river of its vegetation cover, and flora and fauna.
7. The Vjosa River, Albania
The Vjosa river is characterized by beautiful canyons, braided river sections, islands, oxbows and meandering stretches. This river is one of the most endangered rivers of the earth in 2020.
The hydropower projects have ruined the water body completely. The major menace for the river is the dam project proposed by the Greek government which aims to divert about 70 million cubic meters per year through the River Kalamas for irrigation purposes.
8. Kelani River, Polpitiya, Sri Lanka
Next on the list is Kelani River in Sri Lanka. It is the fourth largest river in the country. The river is adversely affected because of the construction projects going on.
Not only this the tourism industry also played a major role in pushing the river into the endangered category. The river water is badly exploited thus resulting in the degraded water quality.
9. Karun River, Iran
The most important river in Iran. The water of the Karun river is widely used for navigation purposes. Well discussing the major threats to the river is nothing commercial but the contaminated mindset.
This river is the victim of the Mullah regime and their disastrous stupid plans. The new dams are being constructed every now and then which destroys the river.
10. Congo River, Africa
The world second largest river after the Amazon is also at the verge of extinction. One of the major rivers that actively contribute to the carbon cycle of the world is now at risk.
Grand Inga Dam, the world’s largest hydropower scheme, is the major threat to this river. The greed to boost the economy will cost the river is life in the near future.
11. Salween, Nujiang or Nu River
Location: Shared by China, Myanmar and Thailand. It flows from the Tibetan Plateau.
Major Threat: Dams made on it.
12. La Plata
Location: It crosses five countries in South America. Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay & Bolivia.
Major Threat: Dams and Navigation.
Location: 19 European Countries.
Major Threat: Navigation
14. Rio Grande
Location: Border of US & Mexico.
Major Threat: Water Over-extraction
Location: India & Bangladesh
Major Threat: Water Over-extraction
Major Threat: Invasive Species
Location: China, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan
Major Threat: Climate Change
Location: 10 Countries in Africa.
Major Threats: Lowering of Water level
Major Threats: Pollution
Location: China & Cambodia
Major Threat: Overfishing.