Statistical Physics: Macrostates and Microstates

Consider some (4, say) distinguishable particles. If we wish to distribute them into two exactly similar compartments in an open box, then the priori probability for a particle of going into any one of the compartments will exactly 1/2 as both compartments are identical. If the four particles are named as a , b, c and d and the compartments as compartment 1 and compartment (2), then following table can be made listing all the possible arrangements. Compartment (1)  …