I woke up today (29th June 2021) with a piece of news that the Riemann Hypothesis has been solved. But looks like that was all just a fuss. Indian newspapers, The Hindu, The Quint, Hindustan Times, etc., everyone reported that a Hyderabad-based mathematician has succeeded in solving this $1 million question. Riemann Hypothesis is one of the unsolved problems in mathematics and it has a bounty

# Real Analysis

Looking for the best Real Analysis books? If yes, then you are at the right place. In this article, I have listed and reviewed the top 10 real analysis books sorted by their popularity and content quality. These books are not just the best real analysis books but these also create a solid foundation for you going ahead. What makes me eligible to say which book

This is in continuation of my article on getting started with measure theory. As a measure theory student, you may have gone through the trouble of selecting the best books on measure theory. I had the same troubles once. That’s why I have collected the 15 best measure theory books for graduate students. Here is the list: Photo Title Buy Measure Theory and Fine Properties of

Sequence of real numbers A sequence of real numbers (or a real sequence) is defined as a function $ f: \mathbb{N} \to \mathbb{R}$ , where $ \mathbb{N}$ is the set of natural numbers and $ \mathbb{R}$ is the set of real numbers. Thus, $ f(n)=r_n, \ n \in \mathbb{N}, \ r_n \in \mathbb{R}$ is a function which produces a sequence of real numbers $ r_n$ .

These study notes on Set Theory, Functions and Real Numbers were written by Gaurav Tiwari when he was studying as a Math undergraduate in 2012-2013. The language is sought to be simple and easy to understand. Further reading material is also provided with this article. If you have any questions, feel free to send a message here. Sets A set is a well defined collection of

Last year, I managed to successfully finish Metric Spaces, Basic Topology and other Analysis topics. Starting from the next semester I’ll be learning more pure mathematical topics, like Functional Analysis, Combinatorics and more. The plan is to lead myself to Combinatorics by majoring Functional Analysis and Topology. But before all those, I’ll be studying measure theory and probability this July – August. Probability theory is not as important as Measure

“Irrational numbers are those real numbers which are not rational numbers!” Def.1: Rational Number A rational number is a real number which can be expressed in the form of where $ a$ and $ b$ are both integers relatively prime to each other and $ b$ being non-zero. Following two statements are equivalent to the definition 1. 1. $ x=\frac{a}{b}$ is rational if and only if

If you are aware of elementary facts of geometry, then you might know that the area of a disk with radius $ R$ is $ \pi R^2$ . The radius is actually the measure(length) of a line joining the center of disk and any point on the circumference of the disk or any other circular lamina. Radius for a disk is always the same, irrespective of

Triangle inequality has its name on a geometrical fact that the length of one side of a triangle can never be greater than the sum of the lengths of other two sides of the triangle. If $ a$ , $ b$ and $ c$ be the three sides of a triangle, then neither $ a$ can be greater than $ b+c$ , nor$ b$ can be

Multiplication is probably the most important elementary operation in mathematics; even more important than usual addition. Every math-guy has its own style of multiplying numbers. But have you ever tried multiplicating by this way? Exercise: $ 88 \times 45$ =? Ans: as usual :- 3960 but I got this using a particular way: 88 45 176 22 352 11 704

Weierstrass had drawn attention to the fact that there exist functions which are continuous for every value of $ x$ but do not possess a derivative for any value. We now consider the celebrated function given by Weierstrass to show this fact. It will be shown that if $ f(x)= \displaystyle{\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} } b^n \cos (a^n \pi x) \ \ldots (1) \ = \cos \pi x +b

Intro Let $ \mathbf{Q}$ be the set of rational numbers. It is well known that $ \mathbf{Q}$ is an ordered field and also the set $ \mathbf{Q}$ is equipped with a relation called “less than” which is an order relation. Between two rational numbers there exists an infinite number of elements of $ \mathbf{Q}$. Thus, the system of rational numbers seems to be dense and so apparently

In this article we will formulate the D’ Alembert’s Ratio Test on convergence of a series. Let’s start. Statement of D’Alembert Ratio Test A series $ \sum {u_n}$ of positive terms is convergent if from and after some fixed term $ \dfrac {u_{n+1}} {u_n} < r < {1} $ , where r is a fixed number. The series is divergent if $ \dfrac{u_{n+1}} {u_n} > 1$

We all know that the derivative of $x^2$ is 2x. But what if someone proves it to be just x?

Consider a sequence of functions as follows:- $ f_1 (x) = \sqrt {1+\sqrt {x} } $ $ f_2 (x) = \sqrt{1+ \sqrt {1+2 \sqrt {x} } } $ $ f_3 (x) = \sqrt {1+ \sqrt {1+2 \sqrt {1+3 \sqrt {x} } } } $ ……and so on to $ f_n (x) = \sqrt {1+\sqrt{1+2 \sqrt {1+3 \sqrt {\ldots \sqrt {1+n \sqrt {x} } } } }