## Numbers – The Basic Introduction

If mathematics was a language, logic was the grammar, numbers should have been the alphabet. There are many types of numbers we use in mathematics, but at a broader aspect we may categorize them in two categories: 1. Countable Numbers 2. Uncountable Numbers The numbers which can be counted in nature are called Countable Numbers and the numbers which can…

## Fermat Numbers

Fermat Number, a class of numbers, is an integer of the form $F_n=2^{2^n} +1 \ \ n \ge 0$ . For example: Putting $n := 0,1,2 \ldots$ in $F_n=2^{2^n}$ we get $F_0=3$ , $F_1=5$ , $F_2=17$ , $F_3=257$ etc. Fermat observed that all the integers $F_0, F_1, F_2, F_3, \ldots$ were prime…

## Largest Prime Numbers

What is a Prime Number? An integer, say $p$ , [ $\ne {0}$ & $\ne { \pm{1}}$ ] is said to be a prime integer iff its only factors (or divisors) are $\pm{1}$ & $\pm{p}$ . As? Few easy examples are: $\pm{2}, \pm{3}, \pm{5}, \pm{7}, \pm{11}, \pm{13}$ …….etc.…