# Category Study Notes

## Essential Steps of Problem Solving in Mathematical Sciences

Problem solving is more than just finding answers. Learning how to solve problems in mathematics is simply to know what to look for. Mathematics problems often require established procedures. To become a problem solver, one must know What, When and How to apply them. To identify procedures, you have to be familiar with the different problem situations. You must also…

## Dirichlet’s Theorem and Liouville’s Extension of Dirichlet’s Theorem

Topic Beta & Gamma functions Statement of Dirichlet’s Theorem $\int \int \int_{V} x^{l-1} y^{m-1} z^{n-1} dx dy ,dz = \frac { \Gamma {(l)} \Gamma {(m)} \Gamma {(n)} }{ \Gamma{(l+m+n+1)} }$ , where V is the region given by $x \ge 0 y \ge 0 z \ge 0 x+y+z \le 1$ . Brief Theory on Gamma and…

## The Lindemann Theory of Unimolecular Reactions

[ Also known as Lindemann-Hinshelwood mechanism.] It is easy to understand a bimolecular reaction on the basis of collision theory. When two molecules A and B collide, their relative kinetic energy exceeds the threshold energy with the result that the collision results in the breaking of comes and the formation of new bonds. But how can one account for a…

## Albert Einstein and His introduction to the Concept of Relativity

Albert Einstein This name need not be explained. Albert Einstein is considered to be one of the best physicists in the human history. The twentieth century has undoubtedly been the most significant for the advance of science, in general, and Physics, in particular. And Einstein is the most luminated star of the 20th century. He literally created cm upheaval by…

## Solving Ramanujan’s Puzzling Problem

Consider a sequence of functions as follows:- $f_1 (x) = \sqrt {1+\sqrt {x} }$ $f_2 (x) = \sqrt{1+ \sqrt {1+2 \sqrt {x} } }$ $f_3 (x) = \sqrt {1+ \sqrt {1+2 \sqrt {1+3 \sqrt {x} } } }$ ……and so on to \$ f_n (x) = \sqrt {1+\sqrt{1+2 \sqrt {1+3 \sqrt {\ldots \sqrt {1+n…

## Elementary Particle Physics

Particle physics is the study of Particles, from what everything is made of. In this section of physics we study the fundamental particles that make up all of matter, and their mutual interaction. Everything around us is made up of these particles, you may say, made up of fundamental building blocks of nature. So, what are these building blocks? In…

## What is Real Analysis?

Real analysis is the branch of Mathematics in which we study the development on the set of real numbers. We reach on real numbers through a series of successive extensions and generalizations starting from the natural numbers. In fact, starting from the set of natural numbers we pass on successively to the set of integers, the set of rational numbers…