Calendar Formula: Finding the Week-days

This is the last month of the glorious prime year 2011. We are all set to welcome upcoming 2012, which is not a prime but a leap year. Calendars have very decent stories and since this blog is based on mathematical approach, let we talk about the mathematical aspects of calendars. The international calendar we use is called Gregorian Calendar,…

Equations- A Basic Introduction

Applied mathematics is one which is used in day-to-day life, in solving troubles (problems) or in business purposes. Let me write an example: George had some money. He gave 14 Dollars to Matthew. Now he has 27 dollars. How much money had he? If you are familiar with day-to-day calculations – you must say that George had 41 dollars, and…

Numbers – The Basic Introduction

If mathematics was a language, logic was the grammar, numbers should have been the alphabet. There are many types of numbers we use in mathematics, but at a broader aspect we may categorize them in two categories: 1. Countable Numbers 2. Uncountable Numbers The numbers which can be counted in nature are called Countable Numbers and the numbers which can…

Mathematical Logic – The basic introduction

What is Logic? If mathematics is regarded as a language, then logic is its grammar. In other words, logical precision has the same importance in mathematics as grammatical accuracy in a language. As linguistic grammar has sentences, statements— logic has them too. After we discuss about Sentence & Statements, we will proceed to further logical theories . Sentences & Statements…

Fermat Numbers

Fermat Number, a class of numbers, is an integer of the form $ F_n=2^{2^n} +1 \ \ n \ge 0$ . For example: Putting $ n := 0,1,2 \ldots$ in $ F_n=2^{2^n}$ we get $ F_0=3$ , $ F_1=5$ , $ F_2=17$ , $ F_3=257$ etc. Fermat observed that all the integers $ F_0, F_1, F_2, F_3, \ldots$ were prime…

381654729 : An Interesting Number Happened To Me Today

You might be thinking why am I writing about an individual number? Actually, in previous year annual exams, my registration number was 381654729. Which is just an ‘ordinary’ 9-digit long number. I never cared about it- and forgot it after exam results were announced. But today morning, when I opened “Mathematics Today” magazine’s October 2010, page 8; I was brilliantly…