Solving Integral Equations (4) : Integral Equations into Differential Equations

Introduction In earlier parts we discussed about the basics of integral equations and how they can be derived from ordinary differential equations. In second part, we also solved a linear integral equation using trial method. Now we are in a situation from where main job of solving Integral Equations can be started. But before we go ahead to that mission, it will be better to learn how can integral equations be converted into differential equations. Integral Equation ⇔ Differential Equation The method of converting…

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Solving Integral Equations (2) – Square Integrable Functions, Norms, Trial Method

Square Integrable function or quadratically integrable function $\mathfrak{L}_2$ function A function $y(x)$ is said to be square integrable or $\mathfrak{L}_2$ function on the interval $(a,b)$ if $$\displaystyle {\int_a^b} {|y(x)|}^2 dx <\infty$$ or $$\displaystyle {\int_a^b} y(x) \bar{y}(x) dx <\infty$$. For further reading, I suggest this Wikipedia page. $y(x)$ is then also called 'regular function'. The kernel $K(x,t)$ , a function of two variables is an $\mathfrak{L_2}$ - function if atleast one of the following is true: $\int_{x=a}^b \int_{t=a}^b |K(x,t)|^2 dx dt <\infty$ $\int_{t=a}^b |K(x,t)|^2 dx…

Integral Equation

Solving Integral Equations – (1) Definitions and Types

If you have finished your course in Calculus and Differential Equations, you should head to your next milestone: the Integral Equations. This marathon series (planned to be of 6 or 8 parts) is dedicated to interactive learning of integral equations for the beginners —starting with just definitions and demos —and the pros— taking it to the heights of problem solving. Comments and feedback are invited. Also read: Part- II Square Integrable Functions, Norms, Trial Method Part- III Changing Differential Equations…