# Math

## Milnor wins 2011 Abel Prize

The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters has decided to award the Abel Prize for 2011 to John Milnor, Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Stony Brook University, New York “for pioneering discoveries in topology, geometry and algebra”. The President of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Øyvind Østerud, announced the winner of this year’s Abel

## Essential Steps of Problem Solving in Mathematical Sciences

Problem solving is more than just finding answers. Learning how to solve problems in mathematics is simply to know what to look for. Mathematics problems often require established procedures. To become a problem solver, one must know What, When and How to apply them. To identify procedures, you have to be familiar with the different

## A Problem (and Solution) from Bhaskaracharya’s Lilavati

I was reading a book on ancient mathematics problems from Indian mathematicians. Here I wish to share one problem from Bhaskaracharya‘s famous creation Lilavati. Who was Bhaskaracharya? Bhaskara II, who is popularly known as Bhaskaracharya, was an Indian mathematician and astronomer from the 12th century. He’s especially known at the discovery of the fundamentals of

## On World Math Day – Do A Simple Self-Test to Identify a Creative Mathematician in You

There are many mathematicians, chemists, musicians, painters & biologists among us. But they are unaware of their qualities. Only some small suggestive strokes are needed for them. Unless one tells them, they will not know how great they are. Here is a small self test. Do you enjoy music, drums and dance? Do you enjoy

## The Collatz Conjecture : Unsolved but Useless

The Collatz Conjecture is one of the Unsolved problems in mathematics, especially in Number Theory. The Collatz Conjecture is also termed as 3n+1 conjecture, Ulam Conjecture, Kakutani’s Problem, Thwaites Conjecture, Hasse’s Algorithm, Syracuse Problem. Statement: Start with any positive integer. • Halve it, if it is even. Or • triple it and add 1, if

## Dirichlet’s Theorem and Liouville’s Extension of Dirichlet’s Theorem

Topic Beta & Gamma functions Statement of Dirichlet’s Theorem $\int \int \int_{V} x^{l-1} y^{m-1} z^{n-1} dx dy ,dz = \frac { \Gamma {(l)} \Gamma {(m)} \Gamma {(n)} }{ \Gamma{(l+m+n+1)} }$ , where V is the region given by $x \ge 0 y \ge 0 z \ge 0 x+y+z \le 1$ .