Two close friends, Robert and Thomas, met again after a gap of several years. Robert Said: I am now married and have three children. Thomas Said: That's great! How old they are? Robert: Thomas! Guess it yourself with some clues provided by me. The product of the ages of my children is 36. Thomas: Hmm...…

# Puzzles

Let have a Test: You need to make a calculation. Please do neither use a calculator nor a paper. Calculate everything "in your brain". Take 1000 and add 40. Now, add another 1000. Now add 30. Now, add 1000 again. Add 20. And add 1000 again. And an additional 10. So, You Got The RESULT!…

Problem1: Smallest Autobiographical Number: A number with ten digits or less is called autobiographical if its first digit (from the left) indicates the number of zeros it contains,the second digit the number of ones, third digit number of twos and so on. For example: 42101000 is autobiographical. Find, with explanation, the smallest autobiographical number. Solution…

Part I: A fox chases a rabbit. Both run at the same speed $ v$ . At all times, the fox runs directly toward the instantaneous position of the rabbit , and the rabbit runs at an angle $ \alpha $ relative to the direction directly away from the fox. The initial separation between the…

I was reading a book on ancient mathematics problems from Indian mathematicians. Here I wish to share one problem from Bhaskaracharya‘s famous creation Lilavati. Who was Bhaskaracharya? Bhaskara II, who is popularly known as Bhaskaracharya, was an Indian mathematician and astronomer from the 12th century. He's especially known for the discovery of the fundamentals of…

Puzzle Two women were selling marbles in the market place -- one at three for a Rupee and other at two for a Rupee. One day both of then were obliged to return home when each had thirty marbles unsold. They put together the two lots of marbles and handing them over to a friend…

Consider a sequence of functions as follows:- $ f_1 (x) = \sqrt {1+\sqrt {x} } $ $ f_2 (x) = \sqrt{1+ \sqrt {1+2 \sqrt {x} } } $ $ f_3 (x) = \sqrt {1+ \sqrt {1+2 \sqrt {1+3 \sqrt {x} } } } $ ......and so on to $ f_n (x) = \sqrt {1+\sqrt{1+2 \sqrt…