In this study note, I have discussed and explained about real sequences — a very important topic in Real Analysis and Calculus. I will cover the topic, definitions and examples under the following headings: Real Sequence: A sequence of real numbers A sequence of real numbers (or a real sequence) is defined as a function…

These study notes on Set Theory, Functions and Real Numbers were written by Gaurav Tiwari when he was studying as a Math undergraduate in 2012-2013. The language is sought to be simple and easy to understand. Further reading material is also provided with this article. If you have any questions, feel free to send a…

Last year, I managed to successfully finish Metric Spaces, Basic Topology and other Analysis topics. Starting from the next semester I’ll be learning more pure mathematical topics, like Functional Analysis, Combinatorics and more. The plan is to lead myself to Combinatorics by majoring Functional Analysis and Topology. But before all those, I’ll be studying measure theory and…

The greatest number theorist in mathematical universe, Leonhard Euler had discovered some formulas and relations in number theory, which were based on practices and were correct to limited extent but still stun the mathematicians. The prime generating equation by Euler is a very specific binomial equation on prime numbers and yields more primes than any…

“Irrational numbers are those real numbers which are not rational numbers!” Def.1: Rational Number A rational number is a real number which can be expressed in the form of where $ a$ and $ b$ are both integers relatively prime to each other and $ b$ being non-zero. Following two statements are equivalent to the…

If you are aware of elementary facts of geometry, then you might know that the area of a disk with radius $ R$ is $ \pi R^2$ . The radius is actually the measure(length) of a line joining the center of disk and any point on the circumference of the disk or any other circular…

Triangle inequality has its name on a geometrical fact that the length of one side of a triangle can never be greater than the sum of the lengths of other two sides of the triangle. If $ a$ , $ b$ and $ c$ be the three sides of a triangle, then neither $ a$…

Ramanujan (1887-1920) discovered some formulas on algebraic nested radicals. This article is based on one of those formulas. The main aim of this article is to discuss and derive them intuitively. Nested radicals have many applications in Number Theory as well as in Numerical Methods . The simple binomial theorem of degree 2 can be…

I was very pleased on reading this news that Government of India has decided to celebrate the upcoming year 2012 as the National Mathematical Year. This is 125th birth anniversary of math-wizard Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920). He is one of the greatest mathematicians India ever produced. Well this is ‘not’ the main reason for appointing 2012…

An old yet beautiful untabled listing of highly interactive mathematics related articles and papers available online.

Dr. SMRH Moosavi has claimed that he had derived a general formula for finding the $ n$ -th prime number. More details can be found here at PrimeNumbersFormula.com and a brief discussion here at Math.SE titled “Formula for the nth prime number: discovered?” SOME MORE EXCERPTS ARE HERE:

Calendars have very decent stories and since this blog is based on mathematical approach, let we talk about the mathematical aspects of calendars. The Calendar We Use The international calendar we use is called Gregorian Calendar, said to be created by Pope Gregory XIII. Gregorian calendar was introduced in 80s of 16th century, to be…