In this article, I will explain what Integral Equations are, how they are structured and what are certain types of Integral Equations. What is an Integral Equation? An integral equation is an equation in which an unknown function appears under one or more integration signs. Any integral calculus statement like — $ y= \int_a^b \phi(x)…

# Math

**Mathematics Blog by Gaurav Tiwari.** This section is dedicated to exploring various mathematical concepts and theories, transcending the boundaries of traditional high school and early college curriculums.

The mathematics topics here encompass various subfields, including algebra, calculus, number theory, geometry, topology, and more.

This is a continuation of the series of summer projects sponsored by department of science and technology, government of India. In this project work, I have worked to collect and expand what Ramanujan did with Nested Radicals and summarized all important facts into the one article. In the article, there are formulas, formulas and only…

I just discovered Barry Martin's Hopalong Orbits Visualizer -- an excellent abstract visualization, which is rendered in 3D using Hopalong Attractor algorithm, WebGL and Mrdoob's three.js project. Here is a demo video: Hop to the source website using your desktop browser (with WebGL and Javascript support) and enjoy the magic. Hopalong Attractor Algorithm Hopalong Attractor…

In this study note, I have discussed and explained about real sequences — a very important topic in Real Analysis and Calculus. I will cover the topic, definitions and examples under the following headings: Real Sequence: A sequence of real numbers A sequence of real numbers (or a real sequence) is defined as a function…

The greatest number theorist in mathematical universe, Leonhard Euler had discovered some formulas and relations in number theory, which were based on practices and were correct to limited extent but still stun the mathematicians. The prime generating equation by Euler is a very specific binomial equation on prime numbers and yields more primes than any…

"Irrational numbers are those real numbers which are not rational numbers!" Def.1: Rational Number A rational number is a real number which can be expressed in the form of where $ a$ and $ b$ are both integers relatively prime to each other and $ b$ being non-zero.Following two statements are equivalent to the definition…

If you are aware of elementary facts of geometry, then you might know that the area of a disk with radius $ R$ is $ \pi R^2$ . Premise The radius is actually the measure(length) of a line joining the center of disk and any point on the circumference of the disk or any other…

Triangle inequality has its name on a geometrical fact that the length of one side of a triangle can never be greater than the sum of the lengths of other two sides of the triangle. If $ a$ , $ b$ and $ c$ be the three sides of a triangle, then neither $ a$…

Ramanujan (1887-1920) discovered some formulas on algebraic nested radicals. This article is based on one of those formulas. The main aim of this article is to discuss and derive them intuitively. Nested radicals have many applications in Number Theory as well as in Numerical Methods . The simple binomial theorem of degree 2 can be…

I was very pleased on reading this news that Government of India has decided to celebrate the upcoming year 2012 as the National Mathematical Year. This is 125th birth anniversary of math-wizard Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920). He is one of the greatest mathematicians India ever produced. Well this is ‘not’ the main reason for appointing 2012…

An old yet beautiful untabled listing of highly interactive mathematics related articles and papers available online.

Dr. SMRH Moosavi has claimed that he had derived a general formula for finding the $ n$ -th prime number. More details can be found here at PrimeNumbersFormula.com and a brief discussion here at Math.SE titled "Formula for the nth prime number: discovered?" SOME MORE EXCERPTS ARE HERE: