‘Symmetry’ has a special meaning in physics. A picture is said to be symmetrical if one side is somehow the same as the other side. Precisely, a thing is symmetrical if one can subject it to a certain operation and it appears exactly the same after the operation. For example, if we look at a base that is left and …

# Category: Physics

## Statistical Physics: Macrostates and Microstates

Consider some (4, say) distinguishable particles. If we wish to distribute them into two exactly similar compartments in an open box, then the priori probability for a particle of going into any one of the compartments will exactly 1/2 as both compartments are identical. If the four particles are named as a , b, c and d and the compartments …

## The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2013

Classical mechanics is considered to be just opposite to quantum physics in terms of theory and practical models. Classical mechanics, especially Newtonian Mechanics, and quantum mechanics are definitely two fundamental but equally different branches of physics having no significant connection to each other. These completely disjoint subjects were glued by the work of the trio of Martin Karplus, Michale …

## Finally a Physics Nobel Prize for Higgs boson Theorists

The 2013 Nobel Prize for physics has been awarded to Peter Higgs and Francois Englert for their remarkable contributions to the theory of Higgs boson “God Particles”. It came after 50 years Peter Higgs, Robert Brout, Gerald Guralnik, C R Hagen, T. W. B. Kibble and Francois Englert independently announced the existence of Higgs boson in 1964 to put the …

## Tunnel through the Earth

What if we make a tunnel through the earth and drop a ball or any other body into it? How would the gravity behave on the ball, and , will the ball pop-up on the other side? If yes, then how much time will it take? A question, which is usually asked in competitive exams and for general interest. This …

## Statistical Physics: Ensembles

Ensembles: As a system is defined by the collection of a large number of particles, so the “ensembles” can be defined as collection of a number macroscopically identical but essentially independent systems. Here the term macroscopically independent means, as, each of the system constituting an ensemble satisfies the same macroscopic conditions, like Volume, Energy, Pressure, Temperature and Total number of …