## Irrational Numbers and The Proofs of their Irrationality

“Irrational numbers are those real numbers which are not rational numbers!” Def.1: Rational Number A rational number is a real number which can be expressed in the form of where $a$ and $b$ are both integers relatively prime to each other and $b$ being non-zero. Following two statements are equivalent to the definition 1. 1. $x=\frac{a}{b}$…

## The Area of a Disk

If you are aware of elementary facts of geometry, then you might know that the area of a disk with radius $R$ is $\pi R^2$ . The radius is actually the measure(length) of a line joining the center of disk and any point on the circumference of the disk or any other circular lamina. Radius for a disk…

## Numbers – The Basic Introduction

If mathematics was a language, logic was the grammar, numbers should have been the alphabet. There are many types of numbers we use in mathematics, but at a broader aspect we may categorize them in two categories: 1. Countable Numbers 2. Uncountable Numbers The numbers which can be counted in nature are called Countable Numbers and the numbers which can…

## Everywhere Continuous Non-differentiable Function

Weierstrass had drawn attention to the fact that there exist functions which are continuous for every value of $x$ but do not possess a derivative for any value. We now consider the celebrated function given by Weierstrass to show this fact. It will be shown that if \$ f(x)= \displaystyle{\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} } b^n \cos (a^n \pi x) \ \ldots (1)…