Difference Paradox

Consider two natural numbers $n_1$ and $n_2$, out of which one is twice as large as the other. We are not told whether $n_1$ is larger or $n_2$, we can state following two propositions: PROPOSITION 1: The difference $n_1-n_2$, if $n_1 >n_2$, is different from the difference $n_2-n_1$, if $n_2 >n_1$. PROPOSITION 2: The difference $n_1-n_2$, if $n_1 >n_2$, is the same…

What’s the question, if the answer is ‘No!’

Infinitely many answers questions are possible to the answer, “No”. So, our real task should be to find one of THOSE many, which seems to be a perfect one. A simple and the first ever logical approach of giving answers to a question is to derive answers from the question, that is, replace some words of the question with reasonable ones and…

Some good, OK, and useless revision techniques

Exam have been haunting student since forever, and although you’re willing to do whatever you can to retain essential information, sometimes you end up spending weeks studying with useless revision techniques. We’re accustomed to employ our own techniques when it comes to studying such as making sticky notes, highlighting, or drawing charts. However, recent studies conducted in the US have…

Light the bulb: An everyday logic puzzle

You are inside a room and there are exactly three electric bulbs outside of the room. The three bulbs have their corresponding switches (exactly three) inside the room. You can turn the switches on and off and leave them in any position. How would you identify which switch corresponds to which electric bulb, if you are allowed to go outside…

Four way valid expression

People really like to twist the numbers and digits bringing fun into life. For example, someone asks, “how much is two and two?” : the answer should be four according to basic (decimal based) arithmetic. But the same  with base three (in ternary number system) equals to 11. Two and Two also equals to Twenty Two. Similarly there are many ways you can…

Mathematical Logic – The basic introduction

What is Logic? If mathematics is regarded as a language, then logic is its grammar. In other words, logical precision has the same importance in mathematics as grammatical accuracy in a language. As linguistic grammar has sentences, statements— logic has them too. After we discuss about Sentence & Statements, we will proceed to further logical theories . Sentences & Statements…