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Applications of Complex Number Analysis to Divisibility Problems

Prove that $ {(x+y)}^n-x^n-y^n$ is divisible by $ xy(x+y) \times (x^2+xy+y^2)$ if $ n$ is an odd number not divisible by $ 3$ . Prove that $ {(x+y)}^n-x^n-y^n$ is divisible by $ xy(x+y) \times {(x^2+xy+y^2)}^2$ if $ n \equiv \pmod{6}1$ Solution 1.Considering the given expression as a polynomial in $ y$ , let us put $ y=0 $ . We…

Milnor wins 2011 Abel Prize

The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters has decided to award the Abel Prize for 2011 to John Milnor, Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Stony Brook University, New York “for pioneering discoveries in topology, geometry and algebra”. The President of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Øyvind Østerud, announced the winner of this year’s Abel Prize at the Academy in…
spin orientation
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Consequences of Light Absorption – The Jablonski Diagram

All about the Light Absorption’s theory on the basis of Jablonski diagram. According to the Grotthus – Draper Law of photo-chemical activation: Only that light which is absorbed by a system, can bring a photo-chemical change. However it is not true that all the kind of light(s) that are absorbed could bring a photo-chemical change. The absorption of light may result in…
calculator
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Essential Steps of Problem Solving in Mathematical Sciences

Learning how to solve problems in mathematics is simply to know what to look for.   Mathematics problems often require established procedures. To become a problem solver, one must know What, When and How to apply them. To identify procedures, you have to be familiar with the different problem situations. You must also be good in gathering information, extracting strategies…

Classical Theory of Raman Scattering

The classical theory of Raman effect, also called the polarizability theory, was developed by G. Placzek in 1934. I shall discuss it briefly here. It is known from electrostatics that the electric field $ E $ associated with the electromagnetic radiation induces a dipole moment $ mu $ in the molecule, given by $ \mu = \alpha E $ …….(1)…
Bhaskara&#;BhaskarII&#;Bhaskaracharya
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A Problem (and Solution) from Bhaskaracharya’s Lilavati

I was reading a book on ancient mathematics problems from Indian mathematicians. Here I wish to share one problem from Bhaskaracharya‘s famous creation Lilavati. Problem A beautiful maiden , with beaming eyes, asks of which is the number that multiplied by 3 , then increased by three-fourths of the product, divided by 7, diminished by one-third of the quotient, multiplied…