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Triangle inequality has its name on a geometrical fact that the length of one side of a triangle can never be greater than the sum of the lengths of other two sides of the triangle. If , and be the three sides of a triangle, then neither can be greater than , nor can be greater than , nor can be than .
Consider the triangle in the image, side shall be equal to the sum of other two sides and , only if the triangle behaves like a straight line. Thinking practically, one can say that one side is formed by joining the end points of two other sides.
In modulus form, represents the side if represents side and represents side . A modulus is nothing, but the distance of a point on the number line from point zero.
For example, the distance of and from on the initial line is . So we may write that .
Triangle inequalities are not only valid for real numbers but also for complex numbers, vectors and in Euclidean spaces. In this article, I shall discuss them separately. (more…)