If you are aware of elementary facts of geometry, then you might know that the area of a disk with radius $ R$ is $ pi R^2$ . The radius is actually the measure(length) of a line joining the center of disk and any point on the circumference of the disk or any other circular…

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Study Notes ^{(11)}

Triangle inequality has its name on a geometrical fact that the length of one side of a triangle can never be greater than the sum of the lengths of other two sides of the triangle. If $ a$ , $ b$ and $ c$ be the three sides of a triangle, then neither $ a$…

Read moreRamanujan (1887-1920) discovered some formulas on algebraic nested radicals. This article is based on one of those formulas. The main aim of this article is to discuss and derive them intuitively. Nested radicals have many applications in Number Theory as well as in Numerical Methods . The simple binomial theorem of degree 2 can be…

Read moreThis is the last month of the glorious prime year 2011. We are all set to welcome upcoming 2012, which is not a prime but a leap year. Calendars have very decent stories and since this blog is based on mathematical approach, let we talk about the mathematical aspects of calendars. The international calendar we…

Read moreApplied mathematics is one which is used in day-to-day life, in solving tensions (problems) or in business purposes. Let me write an example: George had some money. He gave 14 Dollars to Matthew. Now he has 27 dollars. How much money had he? If you are familiar with day-to-day calculations –you must say that George…

Read moreIf mathematics was a language, logic was the grammar, numbers should have been the alphabet. There are many types of numbers we use in mathematics, but at a broader aspect we may categorize them in two categories: 1. Countable Numbers 2. Uncountable Numbers The numbers which can be counted in nature are called Countable Numbers…

Read moreWhat is Logic? If mathematics is regarded as a language, then logic is its grammar. In other words, logical precision has the same importance in mathematics as grammatical accuracy in a language. As linguistic grammar has sentences, statements— logic has them too. After we discuss about Sentence & Statements, we will proceed to further logical…

Read moreFermat Number, a class of numbers, is an integer of the form $ F_n=2^{2^n} +1 \ \ n \ge 0$ . For example: Putting $ n := 0,1,2 \ldots$ in $ F_n=2^{2^n}$ we get $ F_0=3$ , $ F_1=5$ , $ F_2=17$ , $ F_3=257$ etc. Fermat observed that all the integers $ F_0, F_1,…

Read moreYou might be thinking why am I writing about an individual number? Actually, in previous year annual exams, my registration number was 381654729. Which is just an ‘ordinary’ 9-digit long number. I never cared about it- and forgot it after exam results were announced. But today morning, when I opened “Mathematics Today ” magazine’s October 2010, page 8; I was brilliantly shocked. 381654729 is a nine digit number with each of the digits from 1 to 9 appearing once. The whole number is divisible by 9. If you remove the right-most digit, the remaining eight-digit number is divisible by 8. Again removing the next-right-most digit leaves a seven-digit number that is divisible by 7. Similarly, removing next-rightmost digit leaves a six-digit number that is divisible by 6. This property continues all the way down to one digit.

Further research on this number turned out to have a name “Poly-divisible Number.”

Mathematical Wonders happen with Mathematicians.

Before my college days I used to multiply this way. But as time passed, I learned new things. In a Hindi magazine named “Bhaskar Lakshya”, I read an article in which a columnist ( I can’t remember his name) suggested how to multiply in single line (row). That was a magic to me. I found doing multiplications…

Read moreMultiplication is probably the most important elementary operation in mathematics; even more important than usual addition. Every math-guy has its own style of multiplying numbers. But have you ever tried multiplicating by this way? Exercise: $ 88 \times 45$ =? Ans: as usual :- 3960 but I got this using a particular way: 88 …

Read moreA triangle $ T $ is divided into smaller triangles such that any two of the smaller triangles either have no point in common, or have a vertex in common, or actually have an edge in common. Thus no two smaller triangles touch along part of an edge of them. For an illustration let me…

Read moreProblem1: Smallest Autobiographical Number: A number with ten digits or less is called autobiographical if its first digit (from the left) indicates the number of zeros it contains,the second digit the number of ones, third digit number of twos and so on.…

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