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# Four Math Problems

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1. Solve the equation
${(\dfrac{1}{10})}^{\log_{\frac{x}{4}} {\sqrt [4] {x} -1}} -4^{\log_{10} {\sqrt [4] {x} +5}} =6, \forall x \ge 1$
2. The function $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ has $n+1$ derivatives. Show that if $a < b$ and $\log [f(b)+f'(b)+f"(b)+ \ldots +f^n(b)] - \log [f(a)+f'(a)+f"(a)+ \ldots +f^n(a)] =b-a$ then we can find $c \in (a,b)$ such that $f^{n+1} (c) = f (c)$.
3. Let $A = \{(x,y) : 0 \le < 1 \}$ .
For $(x,y) \in A$ , let $\mathbf{S} (x,y)= \displaystyle{\sum_{\frac{1}{2} \le \frac{m}{n} \le 2}} x^m y^n$ where the sum ranges over all pairs $(m,n)$ of positive integer satisfying the indicated inequalities. Evaluate:
$\displaystyle {\lim_{{(x,y) \to (1,1)}_{(x,y) \in A}}} (1-xy^2)(1-x^2y) \mathbf{S} (x,y)$ .
4. This problem deals to elementary functional analysis and is taken from very old paper of Putnam Competitions.

$f: [0, \mathbf{N}] \to \mathbf{R}$ has continuous second derivative and $|f'(x)| < 1$, $f"(x) > 0$ for all $x$.
$0 \le m_0 < m_1 < m_2 < \ldots < m_k \le \mathbf{N}$ are integers such that $f(m_i)$ are all integers. Put $a_i=m_i-m_{i-1}$ and $b_i=f(m_i)-f(m_{i-1})$.
•Prove that
$-1 < \frac {b_1}{a_1} < \frac {b_2}{a_2} < \ldots < < \frac {b_k}{a_k} < 1$.
• Show that for $A > 1$ , there are atmost $\dfrac{\mathbf{N}}{A}$ such indices $i$.
• Show that there are atmost $3 {(\mathbf{N})}^{2/3}$ lattice points on the curve $y=f(x)$.

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## 2 Comments

1. teepee64 says:

Are you crazy? I couldn’t solve those when I was back in school. You must be a math teacher. I always loved Algebra since you could always know when you had the right answer.

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